It would seem that where it comes to africa, the various more practised aspects of what had been achieved in a roman-style invasion were unleashed by various state bodies in europe.
The classic roman invasion is "right, do you want to join, if so sign here (you pay us tax), or do you want us to invade you?"
Where it comes to africa, the general concern was that if a particular european imperial state were to aggregate the natural resources & manpower of africa and monopolise it, that they would develop sufficient economic power to be able to win a european war for the control over all europe.
Therefore the various sovereign powers of europe were operating on the same principal as picking up a "left item" in the street, such as a wallet. "if I don't exploit it the next man will".
This is the attitude that they were taking to africa: lost property up for repossession.
In many ways the holding of power is a military business. It would seem that the colonial powers considered themselves so supreme in a military sense that the nations of africa were just "laid out for the taking".
The attitude was underwritten by cultural chauvinism: the "primitive" people of africa were given so little respect as to be treated more like livestock, and exhibited in zoos
According to the New York Times, "few expressed audible objection to the sight of a human being in a cage with monkeys as companions,” controversy erupted as black clergymen in the city took great offense. “Our race, we think, is depressed enough, without exhibiting one of us with the apes,” said the Reverend James H. Gordon, superintendent of the Howard Colored Orphan Asylum in Brooklyn. “We think we are worthy of being considered human beings, with souls.”
This is one of the seriously suspect Caesars of the colonials:
He founded DeBeers, He set up his own personal nation called "Rhodesia" and his estate to this day provides scholarships to oxford.
More worryingly, an early will contains this:
"At his death he was considered one of the wealthiest men in the world. In his first will, of 1877, Rhodes wanted to create a secret society that would bring the whole world under British rule. The exact wording from this will is:
To and for the establishment, promotion and development of a Secret Society, the true aim and object whereof shall be for the extension of British rule throughout the world, the perfecting of a system of emigration from the United Kingdom, and of colonisation by British subjects of all lands where the means of livelihood are attainable by energy, labour and enterprise, and especially the occupation by British settlers of the entire Continent of Africa, the Holy Land, the Valley of the Euphrates, the Islands of Cyprus and Candia, the whole of South America, the Islands of the Pacific not heretofore possessed by Great Britain, the whole of the Malay Archipelago, the seaboard of China and Japan, the ultimate recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of the British Empire, the inauguration of a system of Colonial representation in the Imperial Parliament which may tend to weld together the disjointed members of the Empire and, finally, the foundation of so great a Power as to render wars impossible, and promote the best interests of humanity."
He's got some terrible quotes, too:
"To think of these stars that you see overhead at night, these vast worlds which we can never reach. I would annex the planets if I could; I often think of that. It makes me sad to see them so clear and yet so far."
“We must find new lands from which we can easily obtain raw materials and at the same time exploit the cheap slave labor that is available from the natives of the colonies. The colonies would also provide a dumping ground for the surplus goods produced in our factories.”
“Pure philanthropy is very well in its way but philanthropy plus five percent is a good deal better.”
"I contend that we are the first race in the world, and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race...If there be a God, I think that what he would like me to do is paint as much of the map of Africa British Red as possible..."
"In order to save the forty million inhabitants of the United Kingdom from a bloody civil war, our colonial statesmen must acquire new lands for settling the surplus population of this country, to provide new markets... The Empire, as I have always said, is a bread and butter question"
"To be born English is to win first prize in the lottery of life."
I'd suggest that the fellow was a fully narcissistic individual, with a rather obsessive eye on status! Asshole.
Mark Twain had a good gag about the dude: "I admire him, I frankly confess it; and when his time comes I shall buy a piece of the rope for a keepsake"
Cecil Rhodes was only a fellow, he was the son of a priest. He wasn't a capitalist, he was born middle class.
He was of course funded by some lovely bankers: NM Rothschild